Product Gallery: Standard-gauge Car Trucks

This page contains various reports by which you can see a listing of all the known S-scale car trucks produced over the years. Additions, missing data, photos, and corrections are very much appreciated.

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Prototype

by Prototype Railroad
limited to entries that were designed for a particular prototype railroad

by Model Type
limited to entries whose model type has been positively identified

Model

by Manufacturer
all entries sorted by model manufacturer, then by model type

by Photo
limited to entries that have photos, so that you can identify which truck you have

Miscellaneous

all
all entries by manufacturer and model type on one page, with links to detail pages

text only
all entries by manufacturer and model type on one page; no photos

missing photos
limited to entries for which we do not yet have a model photo

unknown model manufacturer
limited to entries for which we do not know the model's manufacturer

downloadable text file

all entries. Use column separator of: ^ (see the "6" key). Most spreadsheet applications will let you pick the separator/delimiter; if not, open the file with a text editor and replace all "^" with a character of your choice.

Truck Types


(solid bearing truck; Wikipedia, public domain)

There are two types of trucks used in the real world, solid bearing (from the beginning until banned from interchange in 1995) and roller bearing (from the 1930s to today).

Solid Bearing


(example of solid bearing truck; photo © Peter Vanvliet)

The term "friction bearing" was used in marketing materials from companies that sold the newer solid bearing trucks, but it is not a valid term to use for solid bearing trucks. The term "plain bearing" is a valid one, though.

A solid bearing is an axle that rolls around in a cylinder of a slightly larger diameter, with the gap in between taken up by oil-soaked rags or cotton. The rectangular cover on the journal box could be opened to inspect and lubricate the bearing. When the bearing ran low on oil, it could overheat, leading to a "hot box". Hot box detectors were installed to visually or automatically detect any problems. A failed detection of a hot box could lead to a derailment or fire.

Solid bearing trucks were used with almost all freight cars into the 1960s. By the late 1960s they were slowly replaced with roller bearing trucks, until they were completely banned in 1995. You will still find them on captive equipment in museums or small railroads.

Popular solid bearing trucks are the Archbar, the Andrews, and the Bettendorf trucks.

Roller Bearing


(example of roller bearing truck; photo © Peter Vanvliet)

Due to their higher cost, roller bearing trucks were only found under passenger cars, until the late 1960s, when freight cars started having them, too. Roller bearings consist of an outer cylinder, within which smaller rollers roll around the axle shaft. This is a sealed system, requiring no regular maintenance.

Popular solid bearing trucks are the ASF Ride Control, the Barber S-2, the ASF Ridemaster, and the National C-1.

Popular Trucks

Arch Bar

Arch Bar trucks were found in the early 1900s up through December 1939, when they were banned from interchange.

Andrews

Andrews trucks were manufactured starting in 1910 and lasted into the 1930s.

Bettendorf

Bettendorf T-section trucks were manufactured in the 1910s.

Dalman

From the 1920s into the 1930s the Dalman trucks were found providing a smoother ride with their 8 springs (the bi-level ones could be found under 40' and 50' box cars that transported automobiles).

AAR Type Y

The most popular truck in the transition era was the AAR Type Y truck. This was manufactured under license from Bettendorf, and is often incorrectly called the "Bettendorf" truck (think "Kleenex" for tissues). These are also identified as the Pennsylvania Railroad's 2D-F8 truck.

Barber S-2

Introduced during World War II.

American Steel Foundries ASF A-3 Ride Control

The solid bearing version was introduced during World War II.

National B-1

Introduced during World War II.

Allied Full Cushion

Introduced after the WWII, and up to 1955, these were used for high-speed service. However, they were banned in 1955 due to frequent derailments.

Caboose


(example Barber-Bettendorf truck; photo © Peter Vanvliet)

Cabooses nearly always used leaf springs for softer rides (Barber-Bettendorf Swing Motion).

Detailing Parts


(example use of Century Springs springs; photo © Jim Kindraka)

A question that comes up from time to time on the various discussion lists is, where can one purchase springs for trucks in S-scale. Jim Kindraka mentions that Precision Scale Co used to make some (since they were taken over by a different company, be sure to check with them first). Mullet River used to make some O-scale springs that were usable in S (Mullet River's product line is now owned by Des Plaines Hobbies). Another source is Century Spring (you will have to spend some time on their site to find the size that will fit your needs). "Closed and ground" are probably the ones that you want, which makes them stand up vertically on a flat surface. By the way, notice those tiny hex bolts on the trucks? Those are ones Jim bought from Model Motorcars.

Research

Apparently, once a truck design meets the AAR specifications, the design will be licensed to any number of foundries for the production of the trucks. That is why some trucks are identified by their designer's name, but you will find the foundry's name embossed on the truck's sideframes.

References
- Detailing Freight Cars (Kalmbach book), chapter 2.
- 3/16 "S"cale Railroading series (Dec 1990 - Jun 1991).
- Model Railroader December 2003, pg 72 (PDF; freight).
- Model Railroader February 2005, pg 66 (passenger).
- Railroad Model Craftsman September 2007, pg 86 (freight).
- Model Railroad Hobbyist May 2013, pg 69.
- Model Railroad Hobbyist June 2018, pg 93 (freight).

External Links
- S Scale Passenger Trucks by Dick Karnes.
- Video of how prototype freight car wheels are changed out.

Terminology
Barber S-2 50-ton: two springs, 33" wheels
Barber S-2 70-ton: three springs, 33" wheels
Barber S-2 100-ton: three springs, 36" wheels

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